The quagga (Equus quagga quagga) is an extinct animal closely related to the horse and the zebra. Until the mid-1800’s Quaggas were plentiful in southern Africa, their onomatopoeic name comes from a Khoikhoi word and mimics their call. They were frequently shot by farmers and hunters who believed them to be pests and by the late 1870s were extinct.
The last known specimen in captivity died on August 12 1883, at the Artis Magistra Zoo in Amsterdam. Only one live species was photographed, was at the Zoological Society of London’s Zoo. There are 23 known stuffed quagga and it became the first extinct creature to have DNA testing.
It is believed that zebras contain Quagga DNA and this has led to ongoing attempts to breed back the quagga. (See video)
Quagga were found in the Cape Province up to the Orange river (now the border with Namibia). Sightings in what is now known as Etosha National Park by explorers Andersson and Galton, travelling through the area by ox-wagon in 1851, have never been verified.
Similar in size to the Burchell’s zebra – they stood up to 136cm at the shoulder and weighed between 290 and 340kg. They were distinguished from other zebras by having the usual balck and white stripes on the front of the body only. In the mid-section, the stripes faded and the dark, inter-stripe spaces became wider, and the rear parts were a plain brown.
Quagga behaviour and diet was similar to that of Zebras, sociable herbivores that lived in large herds
Quagga were grazers with similar eating habits to that of Burchell’s zebra, preferring short grass, leaves, bark, roots and stems.
No one can be certain but it assumed the quagga bred much like the zebra. Birthing a single foal and raising it to adulthood